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Disabled children
Rwanda 2010
Follow-up of the project
More pictures
Additional project
Extension project
Rapport 31.01.2011
Visit in january 2012

 

Jya Mubandi Mwana1

 

 


CONSTRUCTION OF THE CENTRE FOR DISABLED CHILDREN: « JYA MUBANDI MWANA » IN THE  NYACYONGA DISTRICT GASABO / ‘BIG’ KIGALI .

A world for all children

January  2010

SUPPORTPROJECT TO THE RWANDESE ASSOCIATION JYA MU BANDI MWANA  FOR CHILDREN WITH A MENTAL OR PHYSICAL HANDICAP 

Summary

Target: support the Rwandese association; this association has set up a shelter for children with a mental or physical handicap. They strive to offer the disabled children social and educational activities.
The set up of these kind of centres is recent and concretises a totally new vision in Rwanda, i.e. all children have the right on education to be able to develop similar as all other children.
The centre is mainly run by volunteers, with as a basis “the mothers”. Support from public instances is extremely scarce and changeable. Despite the low external support the centre has so far realised some remarkable activities which for sure deserve further encouragement.
The requested help is to allow the association to have buildings under own management, functional and adapted to allow the children to develop in a fort hem stimulating environment.
Providing gifts by the sponsor will allow so. This is an absolute condition to guarantee the sustainability of the activities of this centre. 

1.  The situation of the country

Rwanda is a country in Central Africa. Neighbour of Burundi, Tanzania,  Uganda and Congo. Surf. 26 338 km². inhabitants 10 million (314 inhabitants/km²), of which   84,4% rural. The Group -15 years-old represent 45,2% of the total population.
Rwanda is one of the least developed countries and is the 159th on 175 on the world ranking list (2003). Gross national income per year is 1270$/per inhabitant.
Rwanda knew tragic events in his recent history. The war and the in 1990 started people assassination lasted for 4 years. In the conflict zones, all people migrations had as a consequence that children got separated from their families. War and genocide in 1994 resulted in more than a million death people.
Since 1994 the country is engaged to reconstruct with an increase in population. The biggest challenge however is the economical growth which should allow increased development and reduced poverty.

2.  The situation of disabled persons in Rwanda

According the people in count in 2002, Rwanda has 308 501 persons with a physical handicap i.e. 3,9 % of the total population. The same source mentions 14 816 persons with a mental handicap.
Against these disabled children, mainly the one with a mental handicap, a lot of preconceptions exist in the Rwandese society. Or they are seen as a curse on the family or as God’s will to pay off for a sin.
In all cases the birth of a disabled child is a shame, a punishment, which one tries to hide to whatever extent. It is even not exceptional that the family kills the child shortly after birth of, less drastically, hides it so nobody gets to see the child. It latest till the early 90-ties before parents – mainly mothers – started to revolt against these practises. They grouped themselves and started to come up for the rights of children, victim of a mental handicap, to live and to be happy as “child just like all children”.
 
Early 2000 several organisation, more specific the shelters started. Target was to give children with a mental handicap a place, mainly during day time, and to offer them socio-educative activities (specialised food, physiotherapy, education to a profession,…) but also to offer a shelter to children with more severe handicaps, which demands a more extended support.

These initiatives are new in Rwanda, mean progress and are a sign of the positive change in mentality. It is remarkable that the Rwandese public instances don’t take any initiative. We also need to note that specialised education is not existing as discipline in Rwanda en that the centres for children with a mental handicap have to consult books of references or the support of an NGO as Handicap International.

Presenting vzw « Jya Mubandi Mwana »

3.2.1.  Short presentation

Handicapped childproject1

Handicapped childproject2

Handicapped childproject3

Workshop manufacturing postcards in the centre

Workshop manufacturing products in leather  (shoes, straps, …)

Children and young disabled person in a specialised class in the centre in Karuruma

The association was set up in 2002 i.e. a shelter for children with a mental handicap in Karuruma,  district Gasabo, city Kigali.  The centre has 65 resident and 202 ambulant children; some come a few times per week (physiotherapy, education, activities who lead to financial income,…). The children come from the city of Kigali but also from more rural areas (Shyorongi, Kabuga  and Ruyenzi in Muhanga in the south of the country and Gisenyi in the north).

The centre has 3 learning groups (special education) and realises socio-educational activities (sewing, wood manufacturing), basic-education and re-education.
Parents and a number of youngsters commit themselves in the centre by manufacturing of art- and other objects (postcards, shoes, knitting, drawings on shirts for men of e.g. gorilla’s,…). The sale of the objects gives the centre needed financial means.

The centre Works, mainly thanks to the commitment of volunteers, in most cases mothers who have a child with a mental handicap. The centre can count on 2 physiotherapists, 4 teachers, a cooking team of 3 persons, 1 accountant, 1 social assistant en 1 director. On top of these 2 shoe-makers, 2  girls who produce postcards, 2 young girls who give sewing, 1 responsible for the education of wood manufacturing, a responsible for the education of welding and a handicapped person who is responsible for the knitting education joined.

3.2.2. Construction project

The centre Karuruma  in Gasabo is situated in a house; monthly rent is 150 000 RwFr (250 €).  This is a temporary solution as the type of rooms does not match the needs. Luckily so far we didn’t had to close the doors yet. At one side the building was adapted and the outbuildings were used as well. Wooden small houses were constructed, used as classrooms.

The association has already long the plan to accomplish a construction project, the only sustainable way of working. From the district’s government one got a piece of land on a appropriate location to start the constructions. The support of the lessor would allow us to construct an adapted building. By this we could expand our shelter capacity to 100 beds. Unfortunately so far this project was not realisable yet. The coordinator went to the local government, who offered a big building (in piteous state), for long term use.

Because of all these reasons we present our plan; to allow somebody who has the means and wants to support with a warm heart the children, to make the existing buildings habitable for disabled children. This would allow us to help lots of children and youngsters.
Following pictures show the actual state of the buildings.

SDC14500.JPG

SDC14509.JPG

Front of the building

Side view and poor state of the windows

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SDC14530.JPG

Reconstruction and adaption of the toilets and showers is needed, towards the disabled persons

A top view shows the good state of the roofs

SDC14521.JPG

SDC14561.JPG

Walking paths needs to be adapted for disabled persons

Supplies of water & electricity are available ; only connections have to be made


3.2.3. Budget

Specifications reconstructions «  NYACYONGA  »

 

Naming

Unit

Amount

Unit price

Total

1

Fixing windows & doors

 

windows

framework

20

15,000

300,000

windows

window casings

3

130,000

390,000

cement

kg

50

1,200

60,000

doors

doors in wood

10

25,000

250,000

hours

2 persons per day

7

6,000

42,000

Sub total

 

1,042,000

2

Reconstruction & finishing walking paths

2.1

reconstruction

 

cement

sacks of 50 kg

4

11,000

44,000

sand

1/2 truck of sand

1

25,000

25,000

hours

2 construction workers &  2 persons to help per day

2

9,000

18,000

2.2

finishing

 

cement

sacks of 50 kg

2

11,000

22,000

sand

1 truck of sand

-

-

-

hours

2 construction workers &  2 persons to help per day

2

9,000

18,000

2.3

Reconstruction water pipes

 

cement

sacks of 50 kg

4

11,000

44,000

sand

1 truck of sand

-

-

-

hours

2 construction workers &  2 persons to help per day

3

9,000

27,000

2.4

installation  tanks

 

 

 

 

 

cement

sacks of 50 kg

4

11,000

44,000

sand

1 truck of sand

-

-

-

hours

2 construction workers &  2 persons to help per day

3

9,000

27,000

Pipes for rainwater

sheets of iron

20

5,000

100,000

                                       Sub total

 

369,000

3

Reconstruction toilets & showers

3.1

Toilets

 

 

 

 

 

cement

sacks of 50 kg

4

11,000

44,000

Sand

1/4 truck of sand

1

12,500

6,250

Hours

2 construction workers &  2 persons to help per day

3

9,000

27,000

3.2

Showers

 

 

 

 

 

cement

sacks of 50 kg

4

11,000

44,000

Sand

1 truck of sand

-

-

-

Hours

2 construction workers &  2 persons to help per day

5

9,000

45,000

Sub total

 

166,250

4

Water & electricity

4.1

Installation electricity

 

 

 

 

 

cables

rolls cables

50

4,000

200,000

lamps

lamps

40

800

32,000

TL-Lamps

 

4

3,000

12,000

plugs

 

40

500

20,000

switches

 

40

500

20,000

purchase cash power-teller

 

1

60,000

60,000

4.2

water

 

Water supply

forfait

1

200,000

200,000

purchase  teller

 

1

40,000

40,000

Sub total

 

584,000

5

Construction garden & terrace

 

Terrace

4 day-workers

7

6,000

42,000

Construction garden

2 day-workers

3

3,000

9,000

Sub total

 

51,000

6

Fence

6.1

Foundation

 

 

 

 

 

bricks

trucks

4

80,000

320,000

cement

sacks of 50 kg

20

11,000

220,000

sand

 trucks of sand

3

50,000

150,000

hours

6 construction workers &  6 persons to help per day

5

27,000

135,000

6.2

Construction of the fence

 

 

 

 

 

poles

metal poles

60

3000

180,000

Metal wire (senyenge)

construction workers

200

3000

600,000

bambou

bundels

30

1500

45,000

gate

 

1

120000

120,000

hours

6 construction workers &  6 persons to help per day

6

27,000

162,000

                                       Sub total

 

1,932,000

7

Construction 2 hangars

 

Terrassement

4 day-workers

2

4000

8,000

Wooden

 

300

2000

600,000

nales

Kg

20

1200

24,000

hours

3 construction workers &  2 persons to help per day

4

25000

100,000

Sub total

 

732,000

Total (1) +(2)+(3)+(4)+ (5)+ (6)+ (7)

4,876,250

Unforeseen expenses (5%) and others

243,813

TOTAL  (RwFr)

5,120,063

We quote the Total sum of 5,120,063 RwFr.
i.e.  6400 € (six thousand four hundred Euro)    

3.2.4 Contact

Name of the responsible person: Xaverine MUKAMUNANA

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Follow-up of the project

Introduction

Since the end of 2009, the association JYAMUBANDIMWANA has buildings in tenant from the district Gasabo, to host the activities of the centre and to host disabled children and youngsters. Thanks to the financing by vzw  «Vleugels van Hoop », the buildings could be improved and adapted which makes them habitable.

The majority of the works is finalised according to the plan, some others not. Jyamubandimwana is proud to send this report to «Vleugels  van  Hoop ». On top of that they want to send them their sincere gratefulness.

Rebuilding works  

Former situation
Current situation
1 voor 1 na
Entrance A gate for the security
2 voor 2 na
Front view main entrance

First barrack atelier & exposition space in
front of the main entrance

                                                                      
3 voor 3 na
Almost all windows were damaged

All windows are replaced

4 voor 4 na

Most of the doors were damaged, some were missing

Everywhere doors are placed
5 voor 5 na
No capturing of rain water

A water tank has been placed

6 voor 6 na
Status of the sanitary facilities was very poor Toilets and showers are installed
7 voor 7 na
The toilets and showers were not accessible

The access to the sanitary facilities is a fact

8 voor 8 na
No electricity

Electricity is available

9 voor 9 na
No water supplies

Water is available

10 voor 10 na

Threatening inclined area at the back of the building

Suppression of the inclined area

11 voor 11 na
No fence around

Realisation of entrance and gate

12 voor 12 na

Damaged kitchen

Kitchen is finalised
13 voor 13 na

The building was dirty and inhabitable

The building is equipped to host disabled
  children and youngsters

14 voor 14 na

The status of the paths was piteous              

Part of the paths has been improved
15 voor 15 na

Backside of the building

Here a second barrack was placed.

Financial Report

Activities

Received finances

Expenditure

Extra needs

Comment

Repairing doors/windows

1,042,000

900,000

-

Repair done as planned

Paths

369,000

360,000

1,000,000

Construction of the area & paths is ongoing, to allow usage by disabled persons

Showers  & toilets

166,250

695,000

-

Unblocking the pipes was a huge extra cost and a bigger septic well was needed to allow placement of toilets for disabled persons

Water and electricity

584,000

554,000

-

Works executed as planned

Construction area &
ground works

51,000

40,000

 

Ground works are done and the garden waits for the rainy season

Fences

1,663,000

825,000

450,000

Part of the fence is not installed yet.
The needed funds fort hat were used for urgent issues (toilets)

Building of 2 barracks

732,000

1,254,000

-

Are build & provided with floor tiles

Total

4,607,250

4,628,000

1,450,000

To be executed works=1,450,000 RwFr

 

Available funds

20,750

 

 

Problems :

During the by 'Vleugels  van  Hoop' vzw financed works Jyamubandimwana faced 2 problems :

1. The fluctuating exchange rates ended in a loss of 512.000 RwF. Indeed an amount of € 6400 was transferred at a rate of 800 RwFr for 1 € i.e. 5.120.063 RwFr. The real rate was  6400 x 720 = 4. 608.000 RwFr  though and as the sum was not sufficient to cover all unexpected costs, this amount was reduced on the budget for installing the fences; a minus operation of 268.000 RwFr.

2.  As the building was empty for a long time and the original construction plans were missing, the installation of electricity has to be done from almost scratch. Also the installation of the toilets was very hard because of the search for the septic wells.

Conclusion and future perspectives

'Jya mubandi mwana' thanks  vzw 'Vleugels  van Hoop' and is deeply grateful for all the financial help. The works are still ongoing but the majority is done, which made the building habitable. At the moment the centre is hosting 70 disabled children and youngsters. The children get the opportunity to study, the youngster to learn a profession and to prepare for reintegration in the society.

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Additional project.

As perspective, the association JYAMUBANDIMWANA works for on the restoration for which a financing of 1,450,000 RwFr (+/-  2,000 Euro) is needed. The association is also making all needed efforts to obtain the needed material for her activities.

Detailed offer to complete the construction works in the centre for disabled children in  Nyacyonga, district Gasabo, region Kigali

Naming

Unit

Amount

Unit price

Total

1 

Construction of the fence

Piles

Pile 2m

         40

      700

    28,000

Metal wire

Role 17m

10

 38,000

380,000

Working hours

2 construction workers & 2 helpers per day

4

   9,000

36,000

Nails

Kg

4

   1,000

4,000

Lubricant

Litre

5

   1,500

7,500

Total (1)

455,500

2 

Finishing of :

2.1 Electrical installation

Lamps

Piece

10

     800

8,000

Plugs

Piece

5

      300

1,500

Switches

Piece

10

300

3,000

Cut-outs

Piece

4

1,200

4,800

Cables

Piece

100

200

 20,000

Working hours

2 electricians per day

2

10,000

20,000

Subtotal

57,300

2.2 Painter work

Paint

Can  20 litre

4

 35,000

140,000

Brush

Piece

2

   1,400

2,800

Working hours

2 painters per day

4

   9,000

    36,000

Subtotal

178,800

2.3 Fence

Bambou

Bundel

40

  3,000

  120,000

Metal wire

Meter

       100

        50

5,000

Working hours

1 specialist + 1 helper per day

12

   5,000

60,000

Subtotal

185,000

2.4 Canalization of rainwater

Gutter

Per piece of 2 meter

         20

   3,000

 60,000

Installation

1 plumber + 1 helper per day

          5

12,500

62,500

Septic well

Meters

         10

5,000

65,000

Subtotal

187,500

2.5 Finishing walking paths

Fine sand

Truck

          
2

  60,000

120,000

Grof sand

Truck

            3

 50,000

150,000

Cement

B ag

         20

    9,800

  196,000

Working hours

2 construction workers & 4 helpers per day

4

9,000

36,000

Subtotal

      502,000

Total (2)

   1,110,600

Total (1)+(2)

   1,566,100

This is an amount of one million five hundred thousand and one hundred Rwandan francs what corresponds with two thousand euro i.e.. 2.000 €

Current exchange rate for 1€ fluctuates in between 700 & 740 RwFr

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Extending project: installation of Jya mubandi mwana in Nyacyonga,
New centre for disabled children in the Gasabo district, region Kigali

Needs

Amount

Unit price

Total price (RwFr)

Beds

50

20.000

1.000.000

Mattresses

50

15.000

750.000

Sheets

100

5.000

500.000

Blankets

50

3.000

150.000

Uniforms*

200

8.000

1.600.000

Pullovers

100

5.000

500.000

TOTAL

4.300.000

This is an amount of four million three hundred thousand Rwandan francs.
 
4.300.000 RwFr what corresponds with +/- six thousand Euro i.e. 6.142 €*.

*2 shirts and trousers per child
*Calculation exchange rate 1€ = 700 rwfr

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REPORT CONCERNING REPAIRS  (phase II) & EQUIPMENT IN THE JYAMUBANDIMWANA CENTER

Introduction

For already 8 years, the association JYAMUBANDIMWANA has been providing aid to children suffering from a handicap and youngsters especially descending from poor families. At this moment we are providing accommodation for 84 children aged between 2 and 18 years.
In 2009 the government put at our disposal a building in which we could pursue our activities. Nevertheless this building needed to be repaired and equipped. Fortunately we could count on our partners.  In 2010 the Belgian association "Vleugels Van Hoop"  gave us a second financial aid allowing us to carry out the necessary repairs. But, what is even more important, this association paid for the indispensable equipment. For  more details of this project, see separate reports 17A & 17B.
 
Achieved activities

Obtaining the necessary financial means allowed us to start our activities. First of all the work on the building could be finished, then we had to buy materials and equipments. All these were done at the beginning of November 2010. In order to guarantee safety, some repairs were postponed until the end of school holiday. As for the purchase of materials, this project provides for the highly necessary basic equipment to Jyamubandimwana that allowed some 80 children to improve their conditions of living. The financial report informs you in detail on this matter.

Financial report

The financial contribution by "Vleugels van Hoop" amounts to € 8.100 Euro: € 2.000 were spent on repairs and € 6.100 to purchase materials and equipments.
The financial report shows that the activities are completed. What still should be done is the canalization of the rainwater as well as the delivery of the pullovers.
If we take in to account that the expenses already done and the expected expenses amount to 6.046.300 Rwfr, 28.700 Rwfr will be still left from the total amount of 6.075.000 Rwfr.

Conclusions & prospects

Our association is very happy!  The opening of the adapted center enables the development of a diversity of activities. Finally JYAMUBANDIMWANA would like to express its gratitude to the Embassy of the Netherlands. Thanks to the cooperation with their services the realization of the initial project was made possible.

Cfr  Financial report 17 A and 17B

Cfr invoice annexe

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Visit in january 2012

Friday, 01-20-2012. We visit Xavérine and her Centre for disabled children. Yet another welcome with dancing children who embrace us with an enthusiasm and affection that goes straight to the heart.

The renewed centre, which we supported, seems no longer be able to meet the needs and the applications. 400 children follow kiné and class, in extremely bad conditions. Kiné and class should allow them joining  the ‘ normal ’ primary education. 52 children reside here, because it is too far or too difficult to go home. The workshop for the production of shoes looks far better than the last time and there is also a workshop where works of art are manufactured. Once again, they come to us with presents which are handed over by the children, deaf and dumb or with the syndrome of Down … .. everybody is accepted with their limitations and needs …. No obvious thing for a country such as Rwanda where hitherto disabled people were hided, were seen as a ‘ penalty ’ of above, or simply ‘ were not allowed to live!! …. ’

In this centre joyful faces of acceptance, ‘ feel at home ’ ….
But the needs are greater than the possibilities. We know that there are plans to extend!! Admirable the courageous way the partners keep going on!! We hope to help them with an ambitious plan of expansion!
If this succeeds you will hear more about it in the next newsletter.

See more ....

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Pictures

Disabled children project 2010

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