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Kitabi Rwanda 2012
Follow-up of the project
November 2013
Follow-up 2013
January 2013
May 2013
August 2013
Images

 

 

TERRACES KITABI

Name project: Terraces Kitabi

Location:  Cell Kagano, Section Kitabi, District Nyamagabe

Duration: 3 months

Applicant:  Sisters of Saint-Francis of Assise

Description of the project:
The terraces of Kitabi were built in 1991. However, as a result of the events of 1994, when the sisters were exiled, this infrastructure was damaged, the erosion by rain is considered as one of the most important factors of damage of the soil, hitting the most fertile layer, which has a direct impact on the environment and on agricultural production.

The biggest problem is the erosion caused by landslides. This erosion has adverse effects on the local population by the following:

  • The destruction of houses.
  • The damage to arable land.
  • The destruction of food crops and infrastructure (bridges, roads).
  • The loss of lifes, of animals and of material.
  • The change of the physico-chemical properties of the soil.
  • Starvation and the lack of potable water.
  • Diseases.
  • The exile of the population.
  • The trauma of a few individuals.

The aim of this project is to restore the infrastructure and the anti-erosion features of the bottoms of hills in the cell Kagano of the sector KITABI to resolve in a sustainable manner the above-mentioned problems.

The general objective of this project is to restore the fertility of the soil by the fight against anti-erosion and the rehabilitation of terraces of two adjacent basins of 2 ha in the village of Uwintyabire. This action would like to contribute to the creation of favorable conditions for the growth of agricultural production and of animals through the works for the protection of the two water catchment areas.
The project will be carried out by the sisters St Francis of Assisi in cooperation with the agriculture engineer and the local people who will be involved in the project.
Beginning of the works : 1/10/2012

Follow up and evaluation:
The tasks of supervision are assigned to the agriculture engineer. The tasks of monitoring and evaluation will be performed by a team consisting of members of the sisters of Saint Francis of Assisi, a representative of the sponsors and executive engineer. The follow-up and evaluation report will be made once per month for the duration of the project so that the  sponsors and the sisters can assess the progress as well as any corrections and adjustments if necessary.

Objectives:

  • Improve the socio-economic conditions and the health of the population of the sector of KITABI ;
  • Rehabilitation of the recent infrastructure for the management of the soil and the protection of the basins ;
  • Planting of forest plants and fixating grasses on the banks ;
  • Creation of the anti-erosion channels ;
  • To increase awareness of the population regarding the proper management of infrastructure.

Beneficiaries:

  • The sisters of Saint Francis of Assisi;
  • The centre for disabled children in Kitabi ;
  • 23 541 inhabitants : 12 565 women (53, 4%) et 10 976 men (46,6%) ;
  • The rest of the population of Kitabi and tourists of the Nyungwe National Park, as well as the members of RDB/ORTPN - Kitabi ;
  • Vulnerable people from the surrounding areas

Budget:  4.944.000 Frw
Requested amount from Vleugels van Hoop vzw : 4.384.000 Frw (± 5850 Euro)
Contribution by the beneficiaries: 560.000 Frw

Risks:

The risks and restrictions that may impede the implementation of the project are: the lack of funding

Description

Unit

Amount

Days

Unit price

Price

Total price project

 

 

 

 

 

 

Requested

Own contribution

1

Hoes

pieces

60

-

1,500

 

90,000

90,000

2

Pickaxes

pieces

40

-

1,000

 

40,000

40,000

3

Peaks

pieces

30

-

1,000

 

30,000

30,000

4

Machetes

pieces

10

-

1,000

 

10,000

10,000

5

Wheelbarrows

pieces

4

40,000

 

160,000

160,000

6

Seedlings

pieces

3,000

-

20

60,000

 

60,000

7

Penissetum

pieces

12,000

-

12

144,000

 

144,000

8

Transport penissetum

truck

1

-

80,000

 

80,000

80,000

9

Slopes topography

H/J

5

4

1,500

30,000

 

30,000

10

Marking

H/J

40

22

1,000

880,000

 

880,000

11

Transplanting,
subculturing

H/J

6

30

1,000

180,000

 

180,000

12

Reeds cuttings
Penissetum

H/J

10

7

1,000

70,000

 

70,000

13

Cuttings plantation
on slopes

H/J

10

10

1,000

100,000

 

100,000

14

Preparation compost

H/J

20

45

1,000

900,000

 

900,000

15

Transport organic
manure

truck

1

1

150,000

 

        150,000

150,000

16

Transport lime

truck

1

1

150,000

150,000

 

150,000

17

Application lime

kg

14,000

2

18

504,000

 

504,000

18

Refilling

H/J

20

5

1,000

100,000

 

100,000

19

Supervision(Capita)

H/J

2

22

1,500

66,000

 

66,000

20

Supervision

H/J

1

30

20,000

600,000

 

600,000

21

Evaluation

H/J

5

8

15,000

600,000

 

600,000

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

 

4,384,000

560,000

4,944,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Follow-up of the project

Translation mail from Eustache october 2012.

kit2 kit1

Photo 1: Shows the damaged terraces before the restoration activities
Photo 2: Shows the terraces at commencement of the activities of rehabilitation of terraces.

Report of two weeks of the progress  of the project.

We started the project on the left side coming from Kitabi on an area of at least 1ha with 1 agronomist, 1 monitor Agri, 1 team leader and two teams of 20 person each.
The activities carried out are:

  • New terraces (Rehabilitation);
  • Marking;
  • Seeding;
  • Composting

All these work mentioned above has given us an overall idea for the progress of activities in future, which will allow us to manage the difficulties  concerning the existing terraces.

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November 2012

ACTIVITY

ACHIEVED RESULT

                 COMMENT

 

Restore radical terraces in Kitabi

  • Recruitment of 60 working people (for the poor families)
  • - Training of 4 technicians for the restoration of improved terraces
  • Repair of terraces min. 2 Ha
  • Trying to get 12 tons travertin through transport with delivery van
  • Preparation 2 compost heaps
  • Preparation of the cultivation of trees
  • Preparation of the courtyard in the monastery of Kitabi

With the cooperation of the Sisters of St Francis of Assisi, we realized our objectives with success and this within the stated time limit

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January 2013

TABLE VIEW ON THE EVOLUTION OF THE PROJECT IN KITABI  

NO

Planned activities

Realisation in %

Left over activities

                 Comment

  1.  

Create awareness at the local population about the benefit of modern agriculture

The population in the sector of Kitabi is involved and made aware of fighting erosion and the implementation of radical terraces. All participants got a technical knowledge building on soil management..

None

Before starting off a 2-days workshop was held on the upcoming recovery techniques. The executed hand labour also improved the social contacts. What could be paid: school fee for those who have children, medical Insurance, cloths, food, etc...

2. 

Re-establish the usage of anti-erosion means

90% of the anti-erosion means were re-established, thanks to the modern technique of improved terrace shaping.

10% of the terraces stayed about the same because of the shrubs for the animals. We’re going to work on re-planting the shrubs on the slopes

The improved area covers more than 60% of the slopes. The terraces are small (1 or 2 meters) where the embankments are broader than 2 meters. In the future there will be sufficient grasses for the cattle.

3. 

Implantation of trees and fixation grasses on the slopes

About 1.500 alnus plants were planted, 15.000
Shrubs and 1 kg of grasses of the falalis type were planted

In communication with Sr. Benedicta it was decided not to include eucalyptus, because of the too small area

Because of the high acidity of the soil in the Kitabi region there was a delay in the growth of the shrubs and some trees. The technician is locally further investigating the situation

4. 

Digging of anti-erosion canals.

Canals of 50m were digged

1 canal of 150m still to be digged to channel the water coming from the main road, to avoid damage on the re-established terraces.

This canal will be digged after the potatoes harvesting, as well as the further completing the non-planted embankments
.

5. 

Application of travertin en organic fertilizers  

Travertin was put on the whole improved surface i.e. 1,7 ha (5 tons per ha)

1,5 tons travertin is remaining. This will be put after the recovery of the total surface.

The organic fertilizers are coming from the staple. The made compost will be used in season B 2013

6. 

Compost preparations

We make 5 compost heaps of around 5 tons each

None

The micro-biotic activity is rather slow

7. 

Making the improved terraces more profitable

Planting potatoes (Sangena and Mabondo varieties) on the full surface

 None

The growth of the potatoes is good. The use of organic fertilizers in combination with compost helps in the success of the project.

8. 

Preparational work for the agro-forest tree cultivation

Cultivation of 4.194 calliandra trees, 5.374  leucaena trees and  1.540  Imifatangwe trees

Removal of weeds and improving the eucalyptus.

 

9. 

 ‘Fencing’ of the Kitabi farm using modern biologic techniques

Not yet relevant as the plants are still too small

Not yet relevant

Not yet relevant

10. 

Diverse topics

2 small vegetable gardens (for use in the kitchen) are taken care of very well.

None

Good work in maintaining the vegetable garden

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May 2013

Desription of the project:

The purpose of the project is to improve the infrastructure and establish anti-erosion means for the hilly surface of the cel Kagano of sector Kitabi, to avoid/fight erosion of the terraces in a sustainable way.

Targets:

- Recovery of the recent infrastructure for the management of the soil and the protection of the environment ;
- Planting of agro-wood trees and fixating grasses on the slopes

Beneficiaries:

- The sisters
- Centre for disabled children in Kitabi
- 23 541 habitants in Kitabi
- Population around Kitabi and leading people of RDB/ORTPN

Budget:

- Requested support from the vzw : 4.944.000 Rwf

Riscs:

- Lack of daily maintenance of the activities and renovated terraces.

Activity report

NO

Planned activity

Achieved

Not achieved

                Remarks

  •  

Awareness of the population about modern agriculture

  • Involve the neighbours in the project
  • Awareness of the techniques used to manage the soil

-

The population is motivated to use the modern techniques and to contribute to the good results

  •  

Recovery of the anti-erosion facilities

  • Protection against erosion of the soil on ½ of the total surface
  • Apply anti-erosion facilities for the new terraces with recent techniques

-

The soil is clearly fixed : no movements (erosion) anymore at the protected surface

  •  

Implanting of trees and fixating grasses on the slopes

  • Planting of eucalyptus on the surfaces with a steep slope (more than 60%) which are not usable for terraces
  • Planting of Alnus, Carriandra, Leucaena and Accacia Decaputala : 70% of the plans.

30% of the plants still to be planted

We expect positive results, the roots are well fixed which will help in the protection against wind.

  •  

Usage of chalk and organic fertilizers and preparation of compost

  • 5 ton compost made, 12 ton chalk wit hits possible usage

-

The usage will contribute in a high yield of the soil and the fertility of the soil

  •  

Make the terraces profitable

  • Planting of potatoes  A2013 ;
  • Planting of peas B2013

 

An increased production compares to the situation before the project. The neighbours could benefit from the yield and received gifts

  •  

Preparation of the seed bed for trees for agro-wood cultivations

  • Seed bed has a very motivation future view if planted for 70%

30% still in the seed bed, will soon be planted

Delay in the activities of the seed bed after the rain problems in March and April and dryness in the First months after the start of the project

  •  

Fencing of the area with biological techniques

Already completed

-

Good status and good maintenance

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August 2013

Name project: Project 37: Terrace construction agriculture Kitabi

General status:

The targets to improve the infrastructure to avoid long term problems are achieved.

Progress since last status report:

The evolution of the project is measured in line with the agricultural seasons in Rwanda. Site activities, to improve long term agriculture, are established related to protection and productivity.
Below table shows the progress:

Culture/Season

Production/A2013

Production/B2013

Production/A2014

Potatoes

15 tons/ha

 

 

Peas

 

800 kg/ha

 

Corn

 

 

 

P.S. Season A 2013 shows an increase in the production. B 2013 shows a weaker production because of climate changes (very strong dry season) compared to the beginning of the season i.e. 2,3 ton/ha. For season A 2014 we expect a corn production of 4 ton/ha.

Financial status:

In line with the above mentioned activities during the first month after the project start the full budget has been spend.

Problems/concerns:

  • Climate changes and long dry season
  • Nature disaster
  • Lack of agricultural insurance related to future maintenance

Report of activities within project Kitabi

Planned activity

Achieved %

Not achieved %

Comment

  •  

Awareness of the population about modern agriculture

  • Mobilization of the population
  • Awareness about the used techniques about land management

-

The population is motivated about the new techniques which leads to a better result. .

  •  

Redevelopment of anti-erosion means

  • Protection against land collapsing over about half of the total surface
  • Positioning of anti-erosion means when prepare new terraces

-

The land has significantly improved. No landslides occurred anymore.

  •  

Plantation of trees and fixing grasses on the slopes.

  • Cultivation of eucalyptus on dangerous slopes (i.e. angel more than 60 degrees)
  • Cultivation of  Alnus, carriandra, leucaena and imifatangwe on 70% of the slopes

-

We expect a positive result. There was a fixation of the roots which will contribute in protecting the surface against heavy winds

  •  

Positioning of  travertin and organic fertilizers and prepare the compost

  • 5 compost-heaps are made, 12 ton  of travertin

 

-

This will contribute in a good return of the texture and the fertility of the soil.

  •  

Increase productivity of the improved terraces

  • Cultivation of potatoes in season A 2013
  • Cultivation of peas in season B 2013

 

A very high degree of productivity is reached due to the project preparations. De population could benefit from a very high yield .

  •  

Preparation of the agricultural-forest tree cultivation

  • The cultivation Works very motivating (70% has been planted already)

 

There were some small delays because of very much rain in March and April, followed by a long, extreme dry season.

  •  

Placing a fence around the Kitabi-farm, using bio-techniques

Already finalised using agro-forest materials

-

In good state and very well maintained.

Pictures projet no.37 Kitabi

ter1ter 2

Cultivation of the terraces with peas in season B 2013(February, March, April and May)

The terrace slopes are well maintained and covered with fixating grasses.
Also well growing shrubs can be seen on the pictures.
 

This pictures are showing several agro-forest specimens. They are going to play a role in the establishment of a biological fence around the farm, as well as for feeding the animals and to protect the slopes and to offer spots of shade.

Picture of the alnus-shrubs, which is used as feed for the animals and for making humus as part of the organic fertilizers  


Picture of the animals, showing the self-maintaining state, thanks to the improved Kitabi terraces project

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Images

See follow-up above.

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