Vleugels van Hoop

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Mbogora Burundi 2010
Follow-up 2010
January 2011
March 2012
June 2013
More pictures




Colline Muhaganya-Mbogora
Commune Nyabihanga
Province Mwaro

Project Rearing local cow breed

Why this breed (inka ndundi)?

The local breed was chosen for the following reasons :
- in certain regions of Burundi à easy to find on the local market,
- the price is acceptable,
- taking into account the poverty of the families, it is impossible to feed cows of an improved breed, since the people don’t have food for themselves. Most families are destitute.
- the local, rural cows have adapted as best they could

The rearing of this breed of cows is a step towards producing an improved breed in a later stage.

Presentation intervention area of the project
The Mbogora hill is located in the town of  Nyabihanga, Mwaro province, Kirimiro region in Burundi.
Mbogora has 4 hills: Nyamayomo, Ruyaga, Mbogora and Kivoga.
It has a population of 1.683, divided over 308 families (caucus vzw Girakazoza 2008).
Of the 308 families only 131 own a cow. The other 177, being 58% of the population, don’t own cattle, which critically endangers their food security.
Main problems: food shortage, lack of clothing, want of money for health care, no means to send their children to school (mostly secondary).
The increasing poverty, the climate changes, urbanization, unemployment,…

How & Why ?

In the past, the project ‘Société de Recherche et Développement Kirimiro (SRD)’, already contributed greatly to the breeding projects in general. After the war of 1993, however, the sector was hit hard. All the cows were stolen or slaughtered. Livestock was virtually inexistent. Currently, agricultural production is in shambles, due to a lack of animal manure. Fertilizers are impossibly expensive, leading to nearly no harvest and repetitive famine.
The British company MAPLECROFT classifies Burundi (index 2010) as one of the top 10 countries with a high risk of famine. On the other side, chemical fertilization is responsible for the destruction of the ecosystem and the burning of the earth.

The rural population of Mbogora survives thanks to the basic agriculture, yet poverty runs deeply. Without cattle and cows in specific, the soil becomes exhausted. Malnourishment is rife in this regions. The dairy products, which are especially essential to children, are unattainable.

Vzw GIRAKAZOZA sounded out the population about their needs to get out of the squalor. This resulted in a request to work the soil, so as to have a positive influence on agriculture and cattle breeding.
If this project is financed, we want to begin increasing awareness of animal and environment protection , grow grasses and fodder crops and build stables. Also, we’re thinking of organizing seminars about the management of this project.

Vzw GIRAKAZOZA was recognized by the Burundi Interior Ministry on 24/02/2009. The organization has repeatedly proved its efficiency since 2003, the year when it was founded, mostly thanks to its long-term vision. Currently, the association has over 700 members, for the most part rural women. Its core is made up of university graduates, who are prepared to place their knowledge and skill in service of the development of their native villages. Farmers work alongside academics, which makes this association unique.

The association has already realized many projects:
- the women obtained goats, sowing seed and tools to work the land, as well as pagnes
- school equipment of the secondary school in Mbogora,
- bicycles for the teachers of the Mbogora secondary school,
- supply of water to the Kivoga hill,
- supply of water (final stage) to the Ruyaga hill.
Despite all these achievements, the needs are still vast in this country that has only recently known war.

The association holds people of all ethnic origins. It plays a crucial part in bringing people together. Some of the founding members have been successful in important sectors such as education, micro-credits, social affairs,…

The association originated from the observation of every-day reality: famine, unemployment, the destruction of the environment, the high mortality rate in children as a consequence of malnourishment and the resulting diseases, …

With your support, we hope to be able to help the population by creating work in agriculture, to improve their quality of life and to stimulate reconciliation.

Sustainability study

We will buy fully-grown animals and hope that they will calve after 1.5 years. The calf will be entrusted to a family that doesn’t own a cow yet, but has enough grass and a decent stable.
The first calf and the mother “basic capital” are property of the association. The first calf stays where it is born until after the weaning time.
If the first calf is female, it will be passed on to someone else through a system of godparenthood. The family that is willing to keep this calf will be the first in line to receive the next first-born.
If it is a male, it will remain where it is born to be sold. The profits will serve to purchase cows of an improved breed.

After having her second calf (which will become the private property of the beneficiary family), the mother cow “basic capital” will remain in the family to be fattened until slaughtering time in the town. This way, the population will benefit from improved nourishment.

These cows will be donated to the population, just like the animals of the local breed and by the same system. The beneficiary family can never eliminate all its cattle. Every family has to own at least two cows permanently.

Thanks to this godparent system, the project can last infinitely.
In the future, we expect to be able to produce cheese.

I conclude here and give my sincere thanks to vzw «Vleugels van Hoop» for all the things which they have made possible and their realizations and Burundi and elsewhere.

For «Girakazoza» vzw,                                                                     Ferdinand KAJUJU


Follow-up of the project


On November 21st 2010 a meeting took place with the members of the association Girakazoza (future beneficiaries of the cows) in the meeting room of the municipality Mbogora.

The topic on the agenda was the exchange of thoughts about growing cows.
After consulting the beneficiaries, after bringing all suggestions together, the members of VZW Girakazoza agreed on the essential points, to manage well the project to grow native cows (Inka ndundi) in Mbogora :

Pictures of the participants of the meeting

Mbogora 2010 Mbogora 2010

Mr HAZIMANA Ezéchiel and Ms Lipélate, president and vice-president are leading the meeting of vzw Girakazoza.

1. The priority persons

In the first place the members are selected who are well fulfilling their tasks in the association,
by trying to achieve the objectives of vzw GIRAKAZOZA.
Other members can also obtain cows under the condition that the board of vzw GIRAKAZOZ gives a positive advice on their application.

2. Number of beneficiaries per cow

The mother-cow remains property of the association. This mother-cow will be assigned to 3 members of vzw Girakazoza. They will get, the one after the other, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd calf.
The first beneficiary is responsible for feeding and maintaining the mother-cow till the 1st calf is born. This calf will be fed by the mother-cow during 3 months. At that time the calf becomes property of the first beneficiary. The mother-cow is then taken care of by the second beneficiary, till the 2nd calf is born. After the birth of the 3rd calf, for the third beneficiary, the cow is given back to the association. The association decides then whether the mother-cow will be assigned
to a fourth beneficiary or that the cow will be sold in other to buy another one. The period during which the first three beneficiaries obtain their calf is 5 years.

3. Contribution of the benficiaries

Every beneficiary has a share of 5%, meaning 20.000 BuF to be paid in 4 trimesters, meaning 5 000 BUF / trimester of the total value of 1 cow, 400 000BUF. The received amounts will be put on the account of the association to manage the project.

4. Preparations needed to obtain the mother-cow

The future beneficiary of the mother-cow has to own a well build and equipped stable, outside their house but within their property, as well as the cultivation of tripsacum or feed plants for
the herd. Every member-beneficiary signs a document (obligation certificate) in their own language, which is written by the vzw Girakazoza, with the aim to protect the feeding and the caring for the animal and to insure it against robbery, as well as to guarantee the daily care as stipulated by vzw Girakazoza.

5. The health care

The health care costs for the mother-cow will be taken by the association' Vleugels van Hoop', during 1, possibly 2 years. Afterwards vzw Girakazoza will carry these costs. From tha moment that the calves become property of the beneficiaries, the beneficiaries have to pay the medical costs.

6. The follow-up

A follow-up committee is established to evaluate the project and to follow-up on the physical condition of the cows. When the committee notice that the beneficiary is not taking care well for the cows, a report is made towards the vzw who can decide to assign the cow to another couple of beneficiaries.

7. The obligation certificate

The beneficiary of the mother-cow signs an obligation certificate, which contains several articles in the local language (Kirundu) which the beneficiary has to respect. A bail will be requested.
Note: It will not be accepted to take a mortgage as the property is the only wealth of the farmer.
About property no negotiations will be done.

8. The bulls
The member-beneficiaries of the 2 bulls will not have calves but will receive a compensation from every beneficiary who comes to fertilise his/her cow. These costs are known by breeders and are at the moment 10.000 BuF per fertilised cow. With this money the owner of the bull will be able to purchase a cow.

9 . Period of purchasing the cows

The association will purchase the cows starting from January 2001, at the local market. It will be cows how are mainly originating from the region of Mugamba, because these adapt the best to the region of Kirimiro.

The number of beneficiaries is 87 persons. In the first phase the 20 first ones will be served. Afterwards the next 20 and so on till everybody has a calf.

for the association VZW Girakazoza - MANIRAKIZA Désiré - Projectresponsible


January 2011
Report of first phase of buying the cows

On Monday January 10th 2011 5 people, from which 2 members of vzw Girakazoza accompanied by people especially selected for their expertise in cow trade, went to Kiganda in the province of Muramvya, with one aim : buying cows for the female members of vzw Girakazoza.

We left around 5 a.m. and after walking for about 4 hours we arrived at 09h45 a.m. The cattle market Kwibuye opens at 11h00 and we could buy 15 animals. Below you find some pictures of the local cows (Inka ndundi) which we bought on the market.

Mbogora 2011 Mbogora2

Local cows (Inka ndundi) brought together by a shepherd. Awaiting to be bought they are tight up with a rope.

We arrived, exhausted, with the purchased cows, in Mbogora around 20h30. Just like we did, the cows had to walk the whole way back.

Before the beneficiaries could receive the cows, Hkizimana Ezéchiel , the president of vzw Girakazoao, reminds them on the conditions to obtain the cow, as well as the obligation to care well for the cows.

Mbogora3  Mbogora4

Mbogora5 Mbogora6

These women are signing a contract for the cows they will take home.

Next time we’ll send you other pictures, as well as a report and pictures of the second phase. Next week more cows will be purchased.

for vzw Girakazoza Manirakiza Désiré


March 2012.


June 2013.

General status:
The beneficiaries of the cattle are very proud of this project breeding of cows of local variety. We should really speak of a success. The organic manure coming from the barn provides the fertility of the fields. We are milking the cow 2 times per day: the milk of the evening is reserved for household consumption and that of the morning is sold for the purpose of supply and care of the received cow.

Progress since last status report:

In the last report the number of cows was 22 at the start of the project in 2010 and 34 cows end 2012. Currently, the number of cows end June 2013 is 46. 12 Families enjoy already of their own calves and 12 other members have the mother cow, 6 are pregnant while 7 waiting to be linked and 8 are being cared for.

Financial status:

The cost of the participation of 20,000 Fbu by the beneficiaries contribute to the health insurance of the cows (basic capital) which are owned by Girakazoza asbl. In case of any sale of a cow, it is replaced immediately.



- The recipients of calves still count on Girakazoza for the care of the calves,
- Little meadows during the dry season.


- To increase the number of beneficiaries of cows with the aim of increasing the agro-pastoral production and to improve balanced food.
- To change from breeding of cows of local variety to  breeding of an improved variety in order to increase the milk production



Visit on 29 december 2011 See more....

Visit of the project See more....